The story of one of last known downstate elk

The presence of elk in Michigan dates to the 1800s, when the majestic, antlered animals roamed the state.

By 1875, though, after years of unregulated harvest and a lack of quality habitat, Michigan’s wild elk population was considered extinct. Michigan reintroduced elk to the landscape in 1918, bringing seven wild elk from the western United States to Wolverine, Michigan. Since then, elk — with the 2017 elk survey showing numbers exceeding 1,000 — have stayed mainly in northern Michigan.

However, two retired conservation officers can point to personal experience with an elk-poaching investigation in southwest Michigan, as recently as the 1970s.

On Nov. 29, 1973, Evart (Bob) Robinson, a Michigan Department of Natural Resources conservation officer assigned to patrol Cass County, received a complaint from a farmer near the village of Cassopolis. The farmer said a man had poached an elk on the farmer’s land. Robinson called partner Walt Mikula, a fellow CO who patrolled Berrien County, to assist him with the carcass.

Through his work, Robinson became familiar with the history of the area. He shared that during the 1920s, before there were cervid regulations, there was a rumor about a wealthy dentist who kept several elk captive.

Where those elk came from and how the dentist obtained them is unknown, since animal transportation laws were non-existent at the time. Robinson had heard that the elk either escaped or the dentist released them, and that 50 to 100 elk had roamed the undeveloped land around Cass County. By the early 1970s, though, Robinson said, there were rumored to be just a few elk left in the area, mostly due to poaching, roadkill and habitat loss.

Robinson and Mikula met with the farmer, who took the officers to the poached female elk in a nearby field. The officers collected several shotgun shells and inspected the carcass.

Finding evidence of a bullet entry, Robinson borrowed Mikula’s brand-new Olsen pocketknife to extract the bullet.

“As a new conservation officer, I was earning $3.25 per hour,” Mikula said. “I saved enough money to purchase the $7 pocketknife, and now it’s considered a vintage item.” Olsen knives are no longer made but can be found on online auction sites for up to $200.


As the case’s lead officer, Robinson received an anonymous tip about a suspect. He then questioned the man on several occasions, hearing denials each time.

“The suspect knew Robinson had the shotgun shells and would be able to match the shotgun to the extractor marks,” Mikula said.

He later would learn — from the original tipster — that the suspect attempted to get rid of the evidence by driving to South Bend, Indiana, selling the original shotgun to a dealer, and purchasing a new firearm.

When Robinson served the man with a search warrant, he produced his recently purchased firearm. Armed with the tipster’s information about the trip to Indiana, Robinson’s questioning of the man this time led to a full confession.

On March 18, 1974, the poacher was sentenced in Michigan’s 4th District Court, Cass County. Judge Steg Lignell, a strong advocate for the state’s natural resources, revoked the man’s hunting license and assessed him fines, costs and reimbursement for the elk.

In addition, he was sentenced to several weekends in jail and ordered to return to Indiana and repurchase the original shotgun, which was forfeited by the state, along with the bogus shotgun that was originally presented to Robinson.


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