1913 was a turning point year for Progressives (now called Liberals) and President Woodrow Wilson. In one year they accomplished the following: On Feb. 3, 1913, Congress ratified the 16th Amendment allowing the government to lay and collect taxes. On April 8, 1913, Congress ratified the 17th Amendment which changed the appointment of a state senator to a direct vote. On Dec.23, 1913, the Federal Reserve was born. It can print money any time it deems necessary. Woodrow Wilson of 1913 and our Barack Obama are kindred liberal statist personas separated only by 100 years. "Statist" is the principle or policy of concentrating extensive economic, political and related controls in the state at the expense of individual liberties.